cooking techniques

If you want to be a culinary force to be reckoned with, you must first master a few fundamental abilities. First, we’ll go over some fundamental cooking approaches like sautéing, roasting, and braising, followed by a rundown of some of the most fundamental procedures and basic preparations in the culinary arts. Here are the most important cooking methods that everyone should know.


Dry heat cooking, moist heat cooking, and combination cooking are the three types of cooking procedures. Each of these procedures uniquely uses heat to impact foods. All cooking techniques, from grilling to steaming, can be classified into three categories. Understanding and mastering various culinary processes is critical to becoming a great chef. Cooking technique knowledge enables you to work with a wide range of ingredients and kitchen equipment to obtain consistent, delectable results in your cooking. Continue reading to learn about the three primary forms of cooking, all of the techniques that fall into those types, and the foods that these techniques complement.

Cooking techniques


Dry heat cooking occurs when no moisture, broth, or water is present. It instead relies on hot air circulation or contact with fat to impart heat to foods. Browning occurs when food’s amino acids and carbohydrates turn dark and produce a distinct scent and flavor at temperatures 300 degrees or above. Dry heat cooking is evident in the distinct aromas of toasted bread and seared meat.


Broiling works by directing extremely high heat onto food, usually from a radiant above the meal and cooking on one side at a time. With this process, browning can happen quickly, sealing in fluids and flavor and leaving a crisp outside. Because this cooking method is quick, it’s a good idea to set a timer or monitor the doneness so that meals don’t burn or overcook. Broiling can be done in industrial kitchens using a salamander or broiler oven.


Broiling works best with thinner cuts of meat, such as steaks, pork chops, or hamburger patties. Because the dry heat quickly evaporates moisture and dries out the meat, tender cuts are ideal.

  • For tasty results, broil chicken or turkey cutlets, breast halves, quarters, and legs.
  • Choose thick, strong fish, such as salmon, that can withstand high heat and won’t dry out fast.
  • Choose thick, strong fish, such as salmon, that can withstand high heat and won’t dry out fast.
  • Fruits and vegetables: Broiling can also be used on fruits and vegetables. For a unique meal dish, broil peaches or grapefruit.


Grilling is similar to broiling in that it employs radiant heat to cook meals swiftly. Grilling equipment will often have an open grate with a heat source beneath the food. Cooking meals on both sides necessitates flipping, and grill marks from the hot grate or rack are attractive.


Ground hamburger meat is juicy and cooks quickly on a hot grill. The intense heat sears the patty’s outside for a wonderful charred flavor.

Meats: Because the dry heat from grilling quickly removes moisture from the meat, choose tender cuts or marinade the meat first. Ribeye, porterhouses, T-bones, and strip steaks have more fat and marbling, resulting in a succulent grilled steak.

Poultry: Boneless chicken breasts work best since they grill more evenly. Grilling whole chickens is possible, although spatchcocking is preferable.

Fish: Salmon, tuna, and swordfish steaks are grill-worthy and won’t dry out rapidly. To keep fish from falling through the grates, wrap them with foil before setting it on them.


Roasting is done in an oven with indirect heat that cooks from all sides to ensure even browning.

This slower way of cooking extracts flavors from meats and veggies. Roasting can be done at relatively low temperatures ranging from 200 to 350 degrees Fahrenheit for harder cuts of meat or at higher temperatures ranging from 450 degrees Fahrenheit for more tender meats.


Meats: Roasting slows and evenly cooks huge chunks of meat. Roasting benefits prime rib, beef tenderloin, hog butt or shoulder, and pork loin.

Poultry: Whole chickens or turkeys can be roasted for several hours in a roasting pan or on a rotisserie spit for a moist and tasty product.

Fruits and veggies: Roasting brings out the greatest aspects of fruits and vegetables. Roasting grapes, cherries, and tomatoes bring out their natural flavors. Roasting pumpkin, squash, eggplant, and cauliflower are also wonderful options.


Both baking and roasting employ indirect heat to cook items from all sides. The phrase roasting is used for preparing meats or vegetables, whereas baking is used when producing bread, rolls, and cakes. Technically, these are the same cooking processes. However, baking is normally done at lower temperatures than roasting.


Baked Goods: Baking turns wet dough or batter into a firm-textured final product. Baked goods include bread, pastries, and cakes.

Pizza: When pizza is baked in a hot oven, the dough firmness, a crust forms, and the cheese topping melt.


Sauteing is done over a hot burner in a shallow pan with a tiny amount of oil or fat to coat the food for even browning. Because this approach cooks things quickly, it is best to keep the food moving by tossing or flipping it. Sauté is a French word that means “jump.” To get fantastic results with sauteing, ensure the greased pan is hot before adding any food, don’t overcrowd the pan, and swag or toss regularly.


Meats: Because sautéing cooks quickly, tender meats are ideal. In a sauté pan, cook ground beef, tenderloin, or medallions. Small, uniformly sized meat pieces brown evenly.

Poultry: Sauté boneless breasts, strips, or cutlets to sear in flavor.

Vegetables: Sauté zucchini, squash, and leafy greens in olive oil or butter. Carrots, celery, and onions can also be sautéed and are frequently used as a tasty base for various meals.



A penne pasta scoop being drained over a boiling pot. Moist heat cooking, as the name implies, relies on the presence of liquid or steam to cook foods. This method can be used to prepare nutritious recipes that do not have any extra fat or oil.

It’s also an excellent method for tenderizing tough fibers in specific pieces of meat, such as beef chuck or brisket. Moist heat cooking softens fibrous vegetables and beans until they reach the right softness. Unlike dry heat cooking, moist heat cooking does not result in a browned crust.


Poaching is a gentle cooking process in which meals are immersed in a hot liquid between 140- and 180 degrees Fahrenheit. Low heat is ideal for delicate products, as it preserves moisture and flavor without needing fat or oil.


Poaching eggs is a popular way of cooking that produces a soft, tender egg white and a creamy yolk. Because no oil is used, it is healthier than pan frying.

Poultry: Poaching liquid made from broth, wine, or aromatics can be used to flavor boneless, skinless chicken breasts. As a result, the chicken is tender and can be chopped, sliced, or shredded and used in salads, spaghetti, or sandwiches.

Poaching is an excellent method for preserving the delicate texture of light fish such as tilapia, cod, and sole. A special broth called court bouillon is utilized to flavor the fish as it cooks.

Fruit: For a unique dessert, poach fruits like pears or apples in a sweetened liquid. The flavor of the fruit is enhanced, while the texture softens and tenderizes.

Any remaining liquid can make a flavored syrup to accompany the fruit.


Simmering is another gentle technique for cooking meals, but it requires higher temperatures, often between 180- and 205 degrees Fahrenheit. This temperature range creates small bubbles and is below the boiling point. To achieve a simmer, bring water to a boil and then reduce the temperature.


Rice: Simmering results in cooked rice that is light and fluffy. Using boiling or very hot water causes the rice to become sticky and dry.

Meats: Chuck roast is a tougher meat cut that releases fat and collagen as it cooks.

Soups and Stocks: Simmering releases the fat and proteins in meat, resulting in a rich, savory broth that may be utilized in soups or stews.

Vegetables: With slow simmering, tough root vegetables like potatoes and carrots are cooked to the correct texture.

Grains: Simmer grains such as quinoa, oats, or millet until they attain a soft, palatable texture. To make hot cereal, cook grains until most of the water has evaporated, resulting in a smooth porridge.

Legumes: Dried beans and legumes are cooked till mushy and palatable. Some beans, such as lentils, cook rapidly, while others require many hours of moderate boiling to be thoroughly cooked.


This method of cooking includes immersing food in water that has been heated to 212 degrees Fahrenheit. The boiling water creates big bubbles that keep the items moving as they cook. Slow boil refers to water that has just begun to form huge, slow-moving bubbles but has not yet reached boiling point. At the boiling point, a full boil develops, resulting in fast-moving, rolling bubbles. As the water boils, steam is also produced.


Pasta: Pasta is maybe one of the most commonly boiled dishes. The hot water quickly cooks the pasta, allowing it to be withdrawn from the water before the starches break down, preventing a mushy texture.

Eggs: Hard-boiled or soft-boiled eggs are produced by boiling eggs in their shells. Depending on the cook duration, the texture of the yolk can range from firm to creamy.

Tough root vegetables like potatoes and carrots can cook faster in boiling water, but it’s best to test their tenderness with a fork to ensure they don’t overcook.


Water is continually boiled in steaming to produce a consistent volume of steam. The steam surrounds the meals and evenly cooks them while keeping moisture. Steaming can be done in a variety of ways.

A commercial steamer or combi oven is the most efficient option for high-volume kitchens. Other means of steaming include using a saucepan with a steamer basket, a microwave, or putting things in foil to steam in the oven.


Veggies: Most vegetables can be steamed successfully. Stronger vegetables, such as beets, carrots, and potatoes, will steam for longer than delicate items, such as leafy greens.

Fish and shellfish: Instead of water, broth or wine can be used for more tasty results. Shellfish such as clams, mussels, lobster, and crabs are cooked inside their shells, keeping them delicate.

Sweets: Some desserts are steamed rather than baked, which results in a moist, silky texture.

Tamales are a popular Mexican dish created by steaming masa, ground corn dough, and ingredients inside a corn husk package. The steam softens and moistens the corn dough.


A thick stew of carrots and meat is in a heated cast iron pot. Dry and moist cooking methods are used in combination cooking. Foods are cooked in liquids over low heat over an extended period, yielding fork tender results. This method works best with tough chunks of meat, gradually breaking down fibers until they dissolve into the liquid.


Food is seared in a hot oiled pan before being moved to a larger pot to cook in hot liquid during braising.

Simmering water, broth, or stock is only partially submerged in the foods. Low heat softens the items over an extended cook time, and the liquid reduces with increased flavors. Braising is an excellent way to generate fork-tender, fall-off-the-bone meats.


Meats: Because it softens and tenderizes the muscle fibers, braising is most typically utilized with cheaper, harder meat. Pork shoulder, chuck roast, or lamb shank are all options.

Vegetables: Vegetables can be braised alongside meat to add taste or be braised on their own as a separate dish. Braising softens root vegetables like potatoes, beets, and turnips.

Celery and fennel adapt well to braising, absorbing moisture while remaining hard. Lentils, chickpeas, and green beans can be cooked in broth or wine for a soft but not mushy texture.


The main difference between stewing and braising is that meals are totally submerged in hot liquid rather than partially submerged. Smaller pieces of meat are utilized in a stew, but slow cooking at low heat remains the same. Fibrous veggies break down while the stew simmer, and fat and collagen from the meats melt away. As a result, the gravy is thick and savory, with tender meat and soft veggies.


Meats: Collagen and fat-rich meats work well in a stew pot. Avoid lean cuts and choose brisket, oxtail, or chuck roast.

Vegetables: Vegetables give flavor to stews. Onions, carrots, potatoes, and celery are traditional ingredients in stews but consider parsnips, turnips, or rutabaga as well.


What are the many cooking styles?

Baking, roasting, frying, grilling, barbecuing, smoking, boiling, steaming, and braising are examples. Microwaving is a more modern invention. Various methods employ varying degrees of heat and moisture and cooking times.

What exactly is food technique?

Cooking techniques are a set of processes and procedures for preparing, cooking, and presenting food. Good approaches also consider the efficient use of food and cooking fuel resources and food safety.

What is the significance of cooking techniques?

Methods and methods are ways to comprehend how to use food and kitchen tools, food safety and the cost of food to prepare that meal. The recipe provides a short list of things you will need to produce a specific dish step by step.


You can choose the best technique for any item you produce if you have a basic understanding of cooking procedures. You’ll learn how to utilize dry cooking to generate a crispy, brown surface on meats and how to use moist cooking to keep your meats fork soft as you develop your unique recipes. When the occasion calls for it, you’ll know when to combine dry and moist heat to transform tough portions of meat into delicious, juicy morsels.

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